Changes in pressure and elevation can slow the speed at which oil and gas move through pipelines. Pipeline stations are designed to keep oil or gas moving, and to track how quickly it moves.
There are three main types of pipeline stations:
Environmental & health impacts
Primary concerns with pipeline stations are:
- air pollution from both normal operations and equipment leaks;
- safety risks due to the volatility of oil and gas; and
- noise whenever they are in operation.
But research on the direct environmental and health impacts of pipeline stations is limited.
As discussed in the different station sections, how they are permitted and regulated depends on location, function and size.